500 Cow Horn Manure:

It is the basis for soil renewal and improvement and is usually the first preparation used in the change over to the organic / bio-dynamic system.

It is usually sprayed in the afternoons after the rainy season in October and November and again before the hot season in February. It can be used on the soil before and also at the two-leaf stage. This gives an excellent environment to the seed for germination in farms and gardens.

It helps increase soil structure by building up humus, which increases water penetration, water holding capacity, encourage deeper rooting, increases earth worm activity and increases the nodulation on all legumes
e.g. Soya bean and barseem. These improvements happen very quickly.

501 Cow Horn Silica

Is finely ground quartz crystals specially prepared in a cow's horn. It is sprayed in the early mornings in a very fine mist at the early stages of the plant's growth. When sprayed at the two-leaf stage it strengthens the plant against most atmospheric fungal diseases. It has also given excellent results in control of fungal problems among mature plants e.g. leaf rust in coffee and leaf rust in wheat. While used on citrus and other fruit crops e.g. mango, grapes etc. it helps increase the Brix level and also enhances the taste, the keeping quality, and the shine of all fruits and seeds.

Compost Preparations 502 To 507

These are prepared from the following medicinal herbs in such a way as to enhance their inherent qualities.

502 Yarrow (Achillea millifolium) helps the processes of Potassium, Sulphur, and trace elements.

503 Camomile (Matricuria camomile) helps the processes of Nitrogen and Calcium.

504 Stinging Nettle (Urtica parviflora) helps the processes of Iron, Magnesium and Sulphur

505 Oak Bark (Quercus dillitata) from the Himalayan evergreen oak for Calcium.

506 Dandelion (Taraxicum officinalis) Silicia

507 Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) helps the processes of Phosphorus.

Other than Oak Bark and Stinging Nettle, all other flowers can be grown in the places of northern India during the cooler season. Stinging Nettle and Oak need to be grown in higher altitudes.

Liquid manure, and the Cow Pat Pit(CPP), preparations 502 to 507 help the decomposition of the organic materials into a balanced fertilizer and when added to the soil will impart a nutrient balance to the soil and to the subsequent plant growth.

Cow Pat Pit

Cow Pat Pit or CPP refers to manure which is made out of cow dung, egg shells and basalt and is used also in small quantity.

Liquid Manure

A large number of liquid manure are made out of locally available plant materials which are fermented together with the preparations 502/507.
When ready after 8 weeks or so, they are diluted and used regularly as a tonic for the crops.

Some plant materials have insecticidal properties and can be used as an organic insecticide. E.g., neem leaves, calitropis, stinging nettle, Casuarina as a fungal preventer.


Currently these preparations can be obtained from the following peoples:

Ms. Binita Shah,

c/o Col. G. C. Shah,
Vernon Cottage,
Tali Tal,
Naini Tal.
Phone: (05942) 35112

Mr.C. Jeyakaran

Kurinji Organic Food,
Periyakulam Road,
Theni District,Tamil Nadu
Phone: (04543) 22469
             (04543) 22479
             (04543) 22330
The concept Cost Benefits